Who is Who in the Emerging Field of
Spintronics (Spin-based Electronics)?
Here is a list of leading
scientists in the spintronics field.
Albert Fert: Albert Fert is a French physicist and one of the discoverers of giant magnetoresistance which brought about a breakthrough in gigabyte hard disks. He is currently professor at Université Paris-Sud in Orsay and scientific director of a joint laboratory ('Unité mixte de recherche') between the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (National Scientific Research Centre) and Thales Group. Also, he is an Adjunct professor of physics at Michigan State University. He was awarded the 2007 Nobel Prize in Physics together with Peter Grünberg.
Peter Grünberg is a German physicist, and Nobel Prize in Physics laureate for
his coincidental discovery with Albert Fert of giant magnetoresistance which
brought about a breakthrough in gigabyte hard disk drives.
Jack Bass is a professor of Physics at Michigan State University. His research
interests include Point defects in metals, magnetotransport in metals,
thermopowers of metals, electronic transport in metals, ultra-high precision
electronic transport measurements on "simple" metals, finite size effects in
metallic spin glasses, and giant magnetoresistance in metallic magnetic
William H. Butler:
William H. Butler is a professor of physics and the Director of MINT Center
(Center for Materials for Information Technology) at the University of Alabama.
He also serves as the Director of the NSF-Sponsored MRSEC (Materials Research
Science and Engineering Center). He has received DOE Awards for
Outstanding Scientific Achievement and for Outstanding Sustained Research. He
was the first recipient of the National Institute of Materials Science Award for
Breakthroughs in Materials Science. He has authored more than 150 scholarly
papers and is co-author of one book. Bulter's research interest includes
physics of magnetic materials, spin-dependent transport in magnetic multilayers
and nanostructures, electronic structure of magnetic oxides and chalcogenides,
domain wall switched graded media, electronic structure of half-metals, and
processional damping in magnetic materials.
Chia-Ling Chien is a professor of physics at The Johns Hopkins University. He
has more than 300 publications in refereed journals and holds several patents.
He is the 469th. most cited (1981-1997) in physics, astrophysics, materials
science, chemical physics, and related fields.
Chien's current research interest includes fabrication of nanostructured
materials and the studies of their structural, electronic, magnetic, and
superconducting properties; highly spin polarized materials, spin-transfer
torque effects, and magnetoelectronics.
William J. Gallagher: Gallagher is a Research Staff member at the IBM
Thomas J. Watson Research Center, and a senior manager of Magnetoelectronics at
IBM. He has been leading an effort to explore the use of magnetic tunnel
junctions for nonvolatile RAM at IBM. Gallagher has over 150 publications in the
areas of thin film magnetics, superconductivity, and superconducting devices and
physics, and holds 12 U.S. patents and several pending patents.
Arunava Gupta: Gupta is a Professor of Chemistry and Chemical
Engineering at The University of Alabama. Prior to joining UA, he was the
Manager for MRAM processing and testing at IBM T.J. Watson Research Laboratory
Research . He has authored or co-authored more than 200 scholarly publications
and is listed as inventor on more than 25 patents. His research interests
encompass magnetic random access memory devices, tunneling magnetoresistance,
pulsed laser deposition, oxides for spintronics applications and biological
applications of magnetic nanoparticles.
James S. Harris:
Harris specializes in semiconducting heterostructures -- especially
those, such as gallium arsenide, used in lasers central to all fiberoptic
communications networks and in all digital cellular telephones. His current
research interests are in the physics and application of new artificially
structured materials and nanofabrication techniques for new electronic and
optoelectronic devices and quantum computing.
Heinrich is a professor of Physics at Simon Fraser University. His research
interests include molecular beam epitaxy, surface science and high temperature
Mark Johnson: Mark Johnson is a
research physicist at Naval Research Laboratory. His research focuses on the
electrical transport of spin polarized electrons in novel systems, which
involves the invention and development of nanometer scale device structures that
incorporate a ferromagnetic element, and is a cornerstone of spintronics field.
He made early contributions to the development of MRAM. He discovered a novel
technique for creating and measuring nonequilibrium spin magnetization in a
class of high mobility semiconductor structures know as asymmetric quantum
wells. He is currently working on fabrication of novel device structures with
dimensions of 100nm and less.
Berend T. Jonker: Berend T. Jonker is
a research physicist at Naval Research Laboratory. His research focuses on
magnetic order in two-dimensional metal single crystal films. He was one of the
first conclude that reduced dimensionality resulted in a dominant perpendicular
magnetic anisotropy and an out-of-plane magnetization, factors important in the
design of nanoscale magnetic devices such as nonvolatile memory. His current
research involves electrical injection of spin-polarized carriers from magnetic
contacts into a semiconductor using the spin-polarized light emitting diode as a
test platform with an emphasis on interface physics.
Stephan von Molnar: Stephan von Molnar is a professor of Physics
and director of Center for Materials Research and Technology at the Florida
State University. Before joining the Florida State University, he was a research
staff of the IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, and held various management
positions. His research focuses on rare earth metals and alloys, transition
metal based diluted magnetic semiconductors, and the perovskite type HiTc and
CMR compounds. He has made significant contributions to the development of a
novel Hall gradiometer for their magnetic characterization. His work in
nano-magnetic particles have been applied in such areas as storage technologies
and magnetic sensing devices.
Jagadeesh Moodera: Jagadeesh Moodera is a senior research
scientist at MIT's Francis Bitter Magnet Laboratory. His research focuese on
spin-polarized tunneling in superconductor junctions and ferromagnetic
tunneling. In 1994, he discovered a practical way to implement room temperature
MTJ using a magnetic stack based on CoFe-Al2O3-Co, which demonstrated a TMR
ratio of 11.8%.
Stuart S. Parkin: Parkin's
research interests have included organic superconductors, high-temperature
superconductors, and, most recently, magnetic thin film structures and
spintronic materials and devices for advanced sensor, memory, and logic
applications. Parkin is a pioneer in the science and application of spintronic
materials. His discovery of oscillatory interlayer coupling in magnetic
multilayers and giant magnetoresistance in sputter deposited magnetic metallic
heterostructures in 1989 led to IBM's development of the spin-valve read head,
which enabled a more than 100-fold increase in the magnetic hard-disk-drive
data-density since 1998.
Daniel C. Ralph:
Daniel Ralph is a professor of Physics at Cornell University. His
research focuses on fabrication of nanometer-scale devices and the measurement
of their electronic and magnetic properties at low temperatures. His research
areas include: new nanofabrication techniques, high-speed dynamics in magnetic
devices, transport through metal-nanoparticles, single-molecule, and
carbon-nanotube quantum dots, magnetic and superconducting devices, quantum
properties of defects and impurities.
Maxim Tsoi is an assistant professor of Physics at the University of
Texas at Austin. His research focuses on experimental investigations of
spin-transfer-torque phenomena in magnetic nanostructures with emphases on
ferromagnets, antiferromagnets, and antiferromagnetic GMR.
John Q. Xiao:
John Q. Xiao is a professor of Physics at the University of Delaware. He is also
the director of Center for Spintronics and Biodetection sponsored by the U.S.
Department of Energy. His research focuses on spin polarized transport, high
temperature soft magnetic materials, antificial band-gap materials, AFM/FM
exchange bias system, nanocrystalline materials, and left-handed materials.
Gang Xiao: Gang Xiao is a
professor of Physics and engineering at Brown University. He is also the founder
of Micro Magnetics, Inc. Xiao's research
interest includes electron transport and magnetism in low dimensional
systems such as metallic thin films, superlattices and nanoscale crystals; giant
and colossal magnetoresistence effect in layered and oxide solids;
spin-dependent magnetic tunneling effect; nanoscale devices and
magnetoelectronics; physics of novel superconducting and magnetic
nanostructures; high temperature superconductivity; high vacuum and laser
ablation in thin film fabrication.
Peng Xiong is a professor of Physics at the Florida State University. His
research interests include mesoscale physics, spintronics, and
organic/solid-state hybrid structures.
Shoucheng Zhang: Zhang
specializes in theoretical condensed matter physics focuses on the theory
of quantum spin transport, dissipationless spin current, the spin Hall effect
and the theory of high Tc superconductivity based on the SO(5) symmetry between
anti ferromagnetism and superconductivity.
Keywords: spintronics, magnetoelectronics, spin
electronics, spin-based electronics, giant magnetoresistance, spin
valves, magnetic tunneling junctions, tunneling magnetoresistance,
colossal magnetoresistance, spin torque, momentum transfer, spin
injection, magnetic semiconductor, spin coherence, spin Hall effect,
anomalous Hall effect, magnetic transistor, spin transistor, spin
polarization, magnetization, magnetic moment, magnetism, magnetic
materials, MRAM, magnetic random access memory, universal memory, DRAM,